Jewiki unterstützen. Jewiki, die größte Online-Enzyklopädie zum Judentum.

Helfen Sie Jewiki mit einer kleinen oder auch größeren Spende. Einmalig oder regelmäßig, damit die Zukunft von Jewiki gesichert bleibt ...

Vielen Dank für Ihr Engagement! (→ Spendenkonten)

Farmmorde in Südafrika

Aus Jewiki
Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche

Bei den Farmmorden in Südafrika werden weiße Landwirte und schwarze Landarbeiter durch schwarze Kriminelle und politisch aufgehetztem Mob getötet. Die Bandbreite der Gewalttaten reicht dabei von Körperverletzung und Raub bis hin zu bestialischem Abschlachten.



Der Begriff Farmmorde bezieht sich auf Morde auf den Farmen der Buren, insbesondere auf die Morde, die seit dem Ende des Apartheidsystems 1994 auf südafrikanischen Farmen verübt wurden. Laut verfügbaren Statistiken gab es zwischen 1991 und 2001 6.122 Farmangriffe, die zu 1.254 Todesfällen führten.[1][2] Die Zahl der Todesfälle hat sich in den nächsten acht Jahren auf 3.037 verdoppelt.[3]

Burenmorde und die grausame Art und Weise, in der sie durchgeführt wird, verursachen sowohl in Südafrika als auch im Ausland Bestürzung.[4][5] Die Opfer werden gefoltert und vergewaltigt, bevor sie getötet werden. Andere Farmmorde werden als eine Ausführung ausgeführt.

Mit der Demokratisierung Südafrikas sind die weißen Gemeinschaften erstmals mit dem drastischen Ausmaß von Arbeitslosigkeit und Armut in der Mehrheit der südafrikanischen Bevölkerung in Kontakt gekommen, und daraus resultierende Kriminalität und Gewalt.

Untersuchungen des Institute for Security Studies ergaben, dass die Chance eines Buren-Farmers, getötet zu werden, fast viermal höher ist als die eines einfachen Bürgers und doppelt so groß wie ein Polizist.[6][7]



Bei den Angriffen auf südafrikanische Farmen werden überwiegend weiße Bauern und schwarze Landarbeiter[8][9][10][11] gewalttätigen Verbrechen wie Mord, Körperverletzung und Raub ausgesetzt. Es gibt keine ausreichenden Daten, um eine zuverlässige Schätzung der Mordrate für südafrikanische Bauern vorzunehmen[10] Die Daten der südafrikanischen Regierung, die jährlich im Zeitraum 2015-2017 zwischen 58 und 74 Morde an Farmen angeben; diese Zahlen stimmen weitgehend mit den Zahlen der Transvaal Agricultural Union (TAU), einer Bauernvereinigung, überein[12][13] Aufgrund der Probleme bei der Zählung der Zahl der südafrikanischen Bauern und Farbmorde ist unklar, ob die Gefahr besteht, dass Bauern stärker als der nationale Durchschnitt getötet werden.[10]



In the attacks on South African farms, predominantly white farmers and black farm workers[8][9][10][11] are subjected to violent crimes, including murder, assault and robbery. There is insufficient data to reliably estimate a murder rate for South African farmers.[10] South African government data indicated between 58 and 74 murders on farms annually in the period 2015-2017; these figures are broadly consistent with figures collected by the Transvaal Agricultural Union (TAU), a farmers union.[14][13] Due to the problems associated with counting the number of South African farmers and farm murders, it is unclear whether farmers are at greater risk of being killed than the national average.[10]

2018 data released by the South African government showed that the number of farm attacks increased between 2012 and 2018, but that the number of murders on farms had decreased, year-on-year during the period,[13] and farming organisation AgriSA reported that the murder rate on farms had declined to the lowest level in twenty years,[15] one-third of the level recorded in 1998.[16][11]

The idea of a "white genocide" in South Africa is a frequent talking point among white nationalists worldwide.[17][18][19][20] There are no reliable figures that suggest that white farmers are being targeted in particular or that they are at a disproportionate risk of being killed.[21][22][23][10][17] Fact-checkers have widely identified the notion of a "white genocide" in South Africa as a falsehood or myth.[21][17] The Government of South Africa, and other analysts, as well as the right-wing Afrikaner rights group AfriForum maintain that farm attacks are part of a broader crime problem in South Africa, and do not have a racial motivation.[24][25][26][17]

Terminologie und Definition

South African statutory law does not define a "farm attack" as a specific crime. Rather, the term is used to refer to a number of different crimes committed against persons specifically on commercial farms or smallholdings.

According to the South African Police Service National Operational Co-ordinating Committee:

Attacks on farms and smallholdings refer to acts aimed at the person of residents, workers and visitors to farms and smallholdings, whether with the intent to murder, rape, rob or inflict bodily harm. In addition, all actions aimed at disrupting farming activities as a commercial concern, whether for motives related to ideology, labour disputes, land issues, revenge, grievances, intimidation, should be included.[27]

This definition excludes "social fabric crimes", that is those crimes committed by members of the farming community on one another, such as domestic or workplace violence, and focuses on outsiders entering the farms to commit specific criminal acts. Dina Pule, the safety and security Member of the Executive Council (MEC) for Mpumalanga Province, has disagreed with this definition and has said that "farm attacks" included only those cases "where farm residents were murdered, and not cases of robberies or attempted murders".[28] Human Rights Watch has criticised the use of the term "farm attacks", which they regard as "suggesting a terrorist or military purpose", which they do not believe is the primary motivation for most farm attacks.[29][30]

Mögliche Motive

The South African government believes the chief motive for attacks is robbery.[31][32] This position is shared by Afrikaner rights group Afriforum, which does not believe that there is a racial motive associated with most attacks.[8] A Committee of Inquiry into Farm Attacks was appointed in 2001 by the National Commissioner of Police. The purpose of the committee was to "inquire into the ongoing spate of attacks on farms, which include violent criminal acts such as murder, robbery, rape, to determine the motives and factors behind these attacks and to make recommendations on their findings".[27] Monetary theft occurred in most of the attacks,[27] firearms were stolen in 23.0%,[27] and 16.0% of farm attacks involved vehicular thefts.[27] The committee noted that "there is a common misconception that in a large proportion of farm attacks little is stolen"[27] and "various items are stolen in by far the greater majority of cases, and, in those cases where nothing is taken, there is almost always a logical explanation, such as that the attackers had to leave quickly because help arrived."[27]

The Natives' Land Act, adopted in 1913, awarded the ownership of 87 percent of land to South Africans of European descent. The modern discontent among black South Africans has caused populists to call for a confiscation of white-owned farms in the north.[31] The Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) party, founded by Julius Malema, demanded redistribution of the land and wealth.[33] Human rights groups have stated that the extreme brutality may be intended to send a message of "get out of our country" to the general farming community.[34] The numbers of farm attacks have been linked to increasing anti-white hate speech, particularly from the ruling party African National Congress.[34]

Johan Burger of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) has said that attacks were motivated not by race but by greed.[35] The South African Police Service declared in 1998 that there had been no evidence at the time of systematic organised attacks, although the matter was being investigated by special investigators.[36]

Statistik

According to Tshego's (Short G / Sterling) media reports, as of December 2011, approximately 3,158 – 3,811 South African farmers have been killed in these attacks.[37][38] Self-reported data from the Transvaal Agricultural Union state that 1,544 people were killed in farm attacks from 1990 to 2012.[39] In 2012, Reuters reported that the number of farmers of European descent had decreased by one third since 1997, and that news headlines about farm killings provided incentive for them to sell their properties.[31]

Farmmorde und Angriffe zwischen 1996-2007 & 2010-2016[40] Statistiken des südafrikanischen Polizeidienstes
Zeitraum Anzahl der Morde Anzahl der gemeldeten Angriffe
1996/1997 84 433
1997/1998 142 490
1998/1999 144 827
1999/2000 144 823
2000/2001 147 908
2001/2002 140 1 069
2002/2003 103 903
2003/2004 88 773
2004/2005 82 694
2005/2006 88 636
2006/2007 86 794
2010/2011 80 532
2011/2012 56 523
2012/2013 59 566
2013/2014 57 517
2014/2015 60 490
2015/2016 49 446
2016/2017 74 357
Morde pro Provinz und nach Farmtyp in 2016/17[40]
Provinz Großbauer Kleinbetrieb Gesamt
Gauteng 4 17 21
KwaZulu-Natal 11 0 11
Limpopo 5 3 8
Mpumalanga 10 2 12
Nordkap 0 1 1
Nordwest 4 5 9
Ostkap 3 0 3
Freistaat 5 1 6
Westkap 1 2 3
Gesamt 43 31 74

Kritik an der Antwort

Gideon Meiring, chairperson of the Transvaal Agricultural Union's safety and security committee, criticised the South African Police Service for failing to prevent farm attacks, stating that the police "are not part of the solution but part of the bloody problem".[41] Meiring has assisted farming communities in setting up private armed patrols in their area. Kallie Kriel of AfriForum accused politicians, including Agriculture Minister Lulu Xingwana and her deputy Dirk du Toit, of inciting hatred against farmers, saying "Those who inflame hate and aggression towards farmers have to be regarded as accomplices to the murders of farmers." In particular, Kriel condemned claims that violence against farm workers by farmers was endemic.[42]

Johan Burger of the Institute for Security Studies has said that the government's dismantling of the commando system had created a vacuum which the current rural safety plan was not addressing adequately. Although no reason was given for phasing out the system, observers believed that the government did so due to suspicions that the commandos were aligned to right-wing groups. Critics have said this is incorrect, as the system included both black South Africans as well as whites as troops.[35]

Human Rights Watch has described a general trend of escalation in "farm attacks" since 1994, and noted a lack of government response to them. The HRW study however found the failures of the government response to be in its inadequacies to protect black farm residents. "In practice, however, the plan has significantly increased insecurity for black residents of and visitors to commercial farming areas, as they have become the targets of sometimes indiscriminate "anti-crime" initiatives... In addition, the rural protection plan has largely failed to respond to crime committed against black farm residents, in particular crime committed by white farm owners."[29]

Vorbeugung

While the police are supposed to regularly visit commercial farms to ensure security, they say they cannot provide effective protection due to the wide areas that need to be covered and a lack of funding. 'Farmwatch' groups have been formed with the intention of filling this protection gap. These groups use radio to coordinate mutual assistance between farmers, local Commando volunteers, and private security companies. The particular mix of groups that operate has varied by area, with wealthier farmers being more likely to employ private security firms. The police and these groups are linked together as part of the Rural Protection Plan,[43] created in 1997 by President Nelson Mandela.[36]

In 2003 the government began disbanding commando units, saying they had been "part of the apartheid state's security apparatus".[44] A 2013 study from the University of the Free State concluded that this disbanding compromised rural security, as police have prioritized South Africa's urban crime problems.[45]

Protestaktion

The Witkruismonument outside Polokwane, a series of crosses erected in memory of murdered South African farmers[46]

A spike in violent attacks on farmers in February 2017 led to one of the country's largest prayer meetings being held on 22–23 April 2017 in Bloemfontein, attracting over 1,000,000 participants.[47]

Following the murder of Klapmuts farmer Joubert Conradie in October 2017, a protest convoy was organised on 30 October 2017. Known as #BlackMonday the convoy ran from Stellenbosch to Cape Town and attracted an estimated 10,000 protesters.[48] The protest convoy was criticised by the South African Police Service for disrupting traffic.[49] The protest convoy was also criticised by the African National Congress and the EFF for the display by some protesters of the apartheid era South African flag and alleged that the protesters were only concerned about the death of white farmers and did not include black members of the farming community.[50][51] These photos were later confirmed to have been used out of context and inappropriately linked to the protests by Nickolaus Bauer, a reporter from eNCA. The eNCA released an official apology regarding the untruthful reporting.[52] The Nelson Mandela Foundation also criticised the event for being polarising, describing the protesters' "expressions of 'us' and 'them'" as "worrisome".[53]

Internationale Reaktionen

The Suidlanders, a survivalist Afrikaner group preparing for a race war,[54] and that believes in the prophesies of Siener van Rensburg[55][56][57] has taken credit for publicising the issue internationally after undertaking a tour of the United States in 2017.[58] In 2018, Afriforum leaders also embarked on a tour of the US to "raise awareness" about farm attacks in South Africa and land expropriation.[59][60]

Australien

After an Australian journalist was given a guided tour of South Africa by Afriforum,[59][60] stories about attacks on white farmers appeared in News Corp Australia newspapers claiming that white South Africans were "trapped like frogs in boiling water"[61] and that the South African government was "notoriously corrupt" and "potentially complicit" in the attacks[34] and stating that the farmers were being "persecuted" because of their race.[62][63]

In March 2018, Australia's Minister for Home Affairs Peter Dutton proposed fast-tracking[64] White South African farmers as refugees,[65][66] stating that "they need help from a civilised country",[65][66] amid pressure by the South African Australian community for a special immigration intake for their family members.[61][63] Dutton's proposal reportedly got support from some of his party's backbenchers and Liberal Democrat Senator David Leyonhjelm;[67] however, Leyonhjelm later clarified that he thought that South African farmers could be admitted under existing family reunification and skilled visa programmes, and that he did not believe that they qualified as refugees.[68] National Party of Australia MP Andrew Broad warned that the mass migration of South African farmers would result in food shortages in South Africa.[69]

The Australian High Commissioner was subjected to a démarche by the South African foreign ministry, which expressed offence at Dutton's statements, and demanded a retraction,[70][71] stating that "there is no reason for any government in the world to suspect that a section of South Africans is under danger from their own democratically elected government".[72] Afrikaner groups including AfriForum, as well as the Suidlanders, who took credit for Dutton's offer,[58] rejected the idea of Afrikaners becoming refugees.[58]

Australia's ruling Coalition MPs subsequently stated that white farmers were entitled to apply for humanitarian visas, without necessarily meeting the definition of "refugees", describing the situation as "difficult" and "unique" but without calling for a special category of visa to be created.[73] The Australian government reportedly effectively retracted Dutton's offer, and responded to the démarche with a letter that "satisfied" the South African foreign ministry,[74] with the South African government officially "welcoming" the letter, and stating again that "...no one is being persecuted in South Africa, including white farmers".[75][76] However, Dutton reiterated his position that the farmers were persecuted, denied any retraction, and insisted that the Australian government was looking at "several" individual cases that may qualify for humanitarian visas.[77] In April 2018, it emerged that Dutton's department had previously blocked asylum applications by a white farmer, and another white South African woman on the basis that "the vast majority of crimes against whites are not racially motivated", and on the basis that there was no evidence of racial persecution, with the decisions upheld by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.[78]

Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika

In August 2018, Fox News host Tucker Carlson commented that the South African government had disproportionately targeted white farmers during its ongoing land reform efforts due to anti-white racism. He also criticized political "elites", who are purportedly concerned about racism, "paying no attention" to the "racist government of South Africa".[79][17][22] However, BBC News, CBS News, Associated Press, PolitiFact, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal described Carlson's segment as false or misleading.[17][22][80][18][19][23][81] Following the segment in a controversial tweet,[82] President Donald Trump instructed Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to closely study the South Africa land and farm seizures and expropriations and the large scale killing of farmers, saying, “South African Government is now seizing land from white farmers”.[79][17][22] The South African government reacted to Trump's statement, saying that they rejected his perception which seeks to "divide our nation".[83] The South African Afrikaner group AfriForum took credit for Carlson and Trump's statements, saying it believed that its campaign to influence American politics had succeeded.[22]

Political officers of the American embassy in South Africa investigated the claims, consulting farmers, police, and academics for further information. In a cable sent to the State Department, they concluded that there was "no evidence that murders on farms specifically target white people or are politically motivated" and that "[s]ome journalists and lobby groups have simplified complex land disputes to serve their own ends".[11]

Verschwörungstheorie zu einem weißen Völkermord

The idea of a "white genocide" in South Africa has been promoted by right-wing groups in South Africa and the United States and is a frequent talking point among white nationalists.[17][18][19][20] There are no reliable figures that suggest that white farmers are at greater risk of being killed than the average South African.[17][22][23] Some South African blacks have sought to "retake" land which they have made claims to, but South African police have stopped such ad hoc attempts at appropriating land.[81]

Fact-checkers have widely identified the notion of a "white genocide" in South Africa as a falsehood or myth.[21][17] The Government of South Africa, and other analysts, as well as the Afrikaner rights group AfriForum maintain that farm attacks are part of a broader crime problem in South Africa, and do not have a racial motivation.[8][31][35][27]

Fußnoten

  1. Report of the Committee of Inquiry into Farm Attacks. 31. Juli 2003. Abgerufen am 29. Oktober 2017.
  2. Johan Burger: Farm Attacks and Farm Murders Remain a Concern. Instituut vir Sekerheidstudies. 17. Oktober 2012. Abgerufen am 4. Mai 2016.
  3. Adriana Stuijt: Two more S.African farmers killed: death toll now at 3,037. Digital Journal. 17. Februar 2009. Abgerufen am 4. Mai 2016.
  4. Nederlander slachtoffer van roofmoord in Zuid-Afrika. NOS.nl. 10. April 2017. Abgerufen am 30. April 2017.
  5. Frank Chung: ‘Bury them alive!’: White South Africans fear for their future as horrific farm attacks escalate. news.com.au. 25. März 2017. Abgerufen am 30. April 2017.
  6. Plaasmoorde: Dié wat agterbly. Netwerk24.com. 9. Oktober 2014. Abgerufen am 5. Mai 2016.
  7. Afriaanische Wikipedia: Plaasmoorde in Suid-Afrika
  8. 8,0 8,1 8,2 8,3 Johan Burger: More black farm workers are killed than white farm workers. 26. Oktober 2017. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  9. 9,0 9,1 Topsfield, Jewel: Blood in the dust: The plight of South African farmers is far from black or white. , 23. Juni 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018. 
  10. 10,0 10,1 10,2 10,3 10,4 10,5 10,6 Are protesters right on South Africa farm murders?. 3. November 2017. Abgerufen am 11. November 2017.
  11. 11,0 11,1 11,2 11,3 Gramer, Robbie; Lynch, Colum (29 August 2018). "In Tacit Rebuke, U.S. Embassy in South Africa Rejects Trump Tweet". Foreign Policy
  12. FACTSHEET: Statistics on farm attacks and murders in South Africa (en-GB). In: Africa Check. 
  13. 13,0 13,1 13,2 Derrick Spies: Farm attacks and murders: This is SA's most deadly province for farmers. 5. Mai 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  14. FACTSHEET: Statistics on farm attacks and murders in South Africa (en-GB). In: Africa Check. 
  15. Jan Bornman: Farm murders lowest in 20 years, 'remoteness' the reason for brutality. 31. Mai 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  16. Siviwe Breakfast: Farm murders at their lowest rate in 20 years - report. 31. Mai 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  17. 17,0 17,1 17,2 17,3 17,4 17,5 17,6 17,7 17,8 17,9 Trump Cites False Claims of Widespread Attacks on White Farmers in South Africa (en). . 
  18. 18,0 18,1 18,2 South Africa hits back at Trump over land seizure tweet (en). . 
  19. 19,0 19,1 19,2 Fox's Carlson stunned by reaction to stories on South Africa (en-US). In: AP News. 
  20. 20,0 20,1 Jason Burke, David Smith: Donald Trump's land seizures tweet sparks anger in South Africa (en) 23. August 2018.
  21. 21,0 21,1 21,2 Analysis | President Trump’s false claim about murders on South African farms (en)
  22. 22,0 22,1 22,2 22,3 22,4 22,5 SA rejects Trump tweet on farmer killings (en-GB). In: BBC News, 23. August 2018. 
  23. 23,0 23,1 23,2 Trump tweets incorrect on S.A. land seizures, farmers (en). In: @politifact. 
  24. Johan Burger: More black farm workers are killed than white farm workers. 26. Oktober 2017. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  25. Olivia Kumwenda: Farm murders highlight apartheid's toxic legacy in South Africa. 29. November 2012. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  26. Molaole Montsho: Farm murders decreasing, says Phiyega. 6. Oktober 2014. Abgerufen am 7. Oktober 2014.
  27. 27,0 27,1 27,2 27,3 27,4 27,5 27,6 27,7 Report of the Committee of Inquiry into Farm Attacks. 31. Juli 2003. Abgerufen am 7. Dezember 2013.
  28. Nkosana ka Makaula: Farm attack is 'only if fatal'. 28. September 2006. Archiviert vom Original am 16. April 2009. Abgerufen am 9. Oktober 2006.
  29. 29,0 29,1 Bronwen Manby: Unequal Protection – The State Response to Violent Crime on South African Farms. Human Rights Watch August 2001, ISBN 1-56432-263-7 (Zugriff am 28. Oktober 2006)
  30. Patrick Minges: Unequal Protection: The State Response to Violent Crime on South African Farms - Summary.
  31. 31,0 31,1 31,2 31,3 Olivia Kumwenda: Farm murders highlight apartheid's toxic legacy in South Africa. 29. November 2012. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  32. Jinger Jarrett: In The Wake of Attacks Against Immigrants, South African Farmers And White Genocide Forgotten. 26. April 2015. Abgerufen am 14. August 2015.
  33. Essa, Azad: South Africa's 'miracle transition' has not put an end to white privilege. , 21. Oktober 2013. Abgerufen am 17. September 2014. 
  34. 34,0 34,1 34,2 Frank Chung: 'Bury them alive!': White South Africans fear for their future as horrific farm attacks escalate. 25. März 2017. Abgerufen am 5. Februar 2018.
  35. 35,0 35,1 35,2 Molaole Montsho: Farm murders decreasing, says Phiyega. 6. Oktober 2014. Abgerufen am 7. Oktober 2014.
  36. 36,0 36,1 Daley, Suzanne: Rural White South Africa: Afraid, and Armed. , 16. Juli 1998. Abgerufen am 24. Mai 2011. 
  37. Stuijt, Adriana: Two more S.African farmers killed: death toll now at 3,037. , 17. Februar 2009. Abgerufen am 24. Mai 2011. 
  38. McDougall, Dan: White farmers 'being wiped out'. , 28. März 2010. 
  39. Brodie Nechama: Are SA whites really being killed "like flies"?. 24. Juni 2013. Abgerufen am 9. März 2016.
  40. 40,0 40,1 Lorrain Claasen: Farm Attacks and Farm Murders in South Africa. 26. April 2017.
  41. Sheena Adams: Farmer armies in the killing fields. 23. September 2006. Abgerufen am 27. Oktober 2006.
  42. Ntsaluba, Gcina: Anti-Farmer hate speech slated. , 29. April 2008. Abgerufen am 24. Mai 2011. 
  43. Bronwen Manby: A Failure of Rural Protection. In: Transformation. Nr. 49, 2002, S. 92–94. doi:10.1353/trn.2003.0004.
  44. In-depth: Civilian Protection in Armed Conflict. 3. März 2003.
  45. Rural Safety and the Disbandment of the Commando Units in South Africa: A Challenge to Rural Communities and the African National Congress (ANC)?. In: Stud Tribes Tribals. 11, Nr. 1, 2013, S. 25–33. Abgerufen am 7. Dezember 2013.
  46. Farmland crop of white crosses. , 4. Juni 2012. Abgerufen am 18. August 2016. 
  47. Graham Power: How plea to stop farm murders sparked SA's million-plus prayer meeting. , 24. April 2017. 
  48. Adriaanse, Dominic: #BlackMonday: City swamped by more protesters than planned. , 31. Oktober 2017. 
  49. Lindeque, Mia: Police Ministry criticises #BlackMonday protests. , 31. Oktober 2017. 
  50. Magwedze, Hitekani: ANC condemns display of old SA flags during #BlackMonday protest. , 31. Oktober 2017. 
  51. #BlackMonday promoted anti-black racism - EFF. 31. Oktober 2017.
  52. Mapi Mhlangu: Editor's Note: Fact checking continues to be critical in media.
  53. Black Monday hubris: Is this why farmers were so brutally murdered?. 6. November 2017.
  54. Lloyd Gedye: White genocide: How the big lie spread to the US and beyond. 23. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  55. Adriaan Snyman: Stem van 'n Profeet. Hugenote Publikasies 1993, ISBN 095837791X
  56.  WW3: Germans, Boers, Race War, Suidlanders, Simon Roche, Siener Van Rensburg & Adriaan Synman [podcast].
  57. de Wet, Phillip: Mandela's death - apocalypse any second now, surely. , 13. Dezember 2013. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018. 
  58. 58,0 58,1 58,2 Jan Bornman: SA conservative group takes credit for increased 'white genocide' awareness. 23. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. April 2018.
  59. 59,0 59,1 AfriForum se Kriel en Roets na VSA vir bewusmaking oor plaasmoorde en onteiening. 1. Mai 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018: „After an Australian journalist visiting South Africa was taken on a tour of South Africa by Afriforum, literally dozens of articles appeared in the Australian media about farm murders and the ANC government's misjudgment on property rights“
  60. 60,0 60,1 AfriForum's U.S. Adventure: Playing With Fire, Just Like In Oz. 4. Mai 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  61. 61,0 61,1 Frank Chung: South Africans trapped 'like frogs in boiling water' as racial violence escalates. 21. Mai 2017. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  62. Killed because you're white. , 17. März 2018. 
  63. 63,0 63,1 Amy Fallon: White South African farmers dig in against deadly 'persecution'. 17. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  64. Karp, Paul: Australia considers fast-track visas for white South African farmers. , 14. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018. 
  65. 65,0 65,1 Caitlyn Gribbin, Sally Sara: Peter Dutton wants Australia to help White South African farmers who he says are facing violence, land seizures. 15. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  66. 66,0 66,1 McCulloch, Daniel: Peter Dutton looks to help 'persecuted' white South African farmers. , 14. März 2018. 
  67. Jane Norman: Peter Dutton's white South African farmers resettlement gaining momentum. 16. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  68. Jan Bornman: SA would need to deteriorate 'markedly' for white farmers to get refugee status – Australian senator. 20. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  69. Lucy Barbour: Nationals MP fears food shortages in South Africa if white farmers migrate. 22. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  70. Quinton Mtyala: Dirco demands #PeterDutton retract 'persecuted' white farmer comments. 15. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  71. Ndivhuwo Mabaya: White farmers: Peter Dutton must retract remarks. 16. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  72. Debra Killalea: South Africa: Peter Dutton's 'white farmer' comments anger Pretoria. 16. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018.
  73. South African farmers coalition, MPs raise concerns. Abgerufen am 20. April 2018.
  74. Peter Fabricius: Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull retracts Peter Dutton's offer to help white South African farmers. 29. März 2018. Abgerufen am 20. April 2018.
  75. Peter Fabricius: Australia: Sisulu welcomes Canberra's retraction of 'persecuted' white farmers remark. 2. April 2018. Abgerufen am 20. April 2018.
  76. Minister Sisulu welcomes Australian leaders' retraction of the comments made by their Home Affairs Minister. 2. April 2018. Abgerufen am 20. April 2018.
  77. Dutton considering farmers as refugees. 3. April 2018. Abgerufen am 20. April 2018.
  78. Peter Dutton's department blocked white South African farmer's asylum bid. , 13. April 2018. Abgerufen am 20. August 2018. 
  79. 79,0 79,1 Ellyatt, Holly: Trump hypes fringe talking point about South African government 'seizing land from white farmers'. In: CNBC, 23. August 2018. 
  80. Steinhauser, Gabriele: Trump Tweet on South African Land Overhaul Draws Government’s Ire (en-US). In: Wall Street Journal, 23. August 2018. 
  81. 81,0 81,1 AP FACT CHECK: Trump’s claim on South African farms off mark (en)
  82. Donald Trump [@realDonaldTrump] (August 22, 2018). "I have asked Secretary of State @SecPompeo to closely study the South Africa land and farm seizures and expropriations and the large scale killing of farmers. "South African Government is now seizing land from white farmers." @TuckerCarlson @FoxNews" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  83. South Africa hits back at 'unfortunate' Trump tweet on land reform. CNN. 23. August 2018.

Siehe auch

Andere Wikis


Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel South African farm attacks (20. September 2018) aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia. Der Wikipedia-Artikel steht unter der Namensnennung - Nicht-kommerziell - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0). In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren verfügbar, die vor Übernahme in Jewiki am Text mitgearbeitet haben.